How to Treat Itchy Scalp


An itchy scalp can be incredibly frustrating and uncomfortable. Whether it’s caused by dryness, dandruff, scalp infections, or other underlying conditions, finding relief is essential. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore various causes of an itchy scalp and provide effective solutions to help you bid farewell to the itchiness. From home remedies to over-the-counter treatments, we will cover all the bases. So, let’s dive in and discover the secrets to treating an itchy scalp and restoring your scalp’s health and comfort.

Causes of an Itchy Scalp:

Before diving into treatment options, it’s important to understand the potential causes of an itchy scalp. There are several factors that can contribute to scalp itchiness, including:

  1. Dry scalp: Insufficient moisture can cause dryness and itching. Factors like cold weather, excessive shampooing, or using harsh hair products can lead to dryness.
  • Dandruff: A common scalp condition characterized by flaking and itching. Dandruff is often caused by an overgrowth of a yeast-like fungus called Malassezia or due to dry scalp.
  • Scalp infections: Fungal or bacterial infections, such as scalp ringworm or folliculitis, can cause intense itching.
  • Allergic reactions: Contact dermatitis, resulting from an allergic reaction to certain hair products or chemicals, can lead to scalp itchiness.
  • Psoriasis or eczema: Chronic skin conditions like psoriasis or eczema can affect the scalp and cause persistent itching.

Understanding the underlying cause of your itchy scalp is crucial in determining the most effective treatment approach.

Home Remedies for Soothing an Itchy Scalp:

If you prefer natural remedies, there are several options that can help soothe an itchy scalp:

  • Tea tree oil: Known for its antifungal and antibacterial properties, tea tree oil can be diluted and applied to the scalp to alleviate itchiness. Tea tree oil can be diluted with normal hair oil and used for hair oiling or it can also be added to your favorite shampoo and shampoo as usual.
  • Aloe Vera: The cooling and moisturizing properties of aloe Vera can provide relief from scalp itchiness. Apply fresh aloe Vera gel directly to the scalp and leave it on for a few minutes before rinsing. Aloe Vera can also be used as overnight hair mask and washed off next morning.
  • Apple cider vinegar: With its pH-balancing and antimicrobial properties, apple cider vinegar can help restore scalp health. Use it as a final rinse after shampooing, diluted with water.
  • Coconut oil: A natural emollient, coconut oil can moisturize the scalp and reduce itching. Gently massage warm coconut oil into your scalp and leave it on for a few hours or overnight before washing it off.
  • Baking soda: Acting as a gentle exfoliant, baking soda can help remove dead skin cells and reduce itchiness. Mix it with water to create a paste and apply it to the scalp, leaving it on for a few minutes before rinsing.

Remember to patch test any home remedy before applying it to your entire scalp, and discontinue use if you experience any adverse reactions.

Over-the-Counter Treatments for Itchy Scalp:

If home remedies do not provide sufficient relief, there are various over-the-counter treatments available to address scalp itchiness:

  1. Antidandruff shampoos: Look for shampoos containing ingredients like zinc pyrithione, ketoconazole, or selenium sulfide. These ingredients effectively target the underlying causes of dandruff and reduce itchiness.
  • Coal tar shampoos: Coal tar has anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties, making it beneficial for treating itchy scalp conditions like psoriasis or seborrheic dermatitis.
  • Salicylic acid shampoos: Salicylic acid helps exfoliate the scalp, removing dead skin cells and reducing itchiness associated with conditions like dandruff or scalp psoriasis.
  • Antihistamine creams: Over-the-counter antihistamine creams or lotions can provide temporary relief from scalp itchiness caused by allergic reactions.
  • Hydrocortisone creams: Hydrocortisone creams can help reduce inflammation and itching associated with scalp conditions like eczema or contact dermatitis. Use them sparingly and as directed.

It’s important to read and follow the instructions on the product labels carefully. If symptoms persist or worsen, consult a dermatologist for further evaluation and guidance.

Lifestyle Changes to Prevent and Manage Itchy Scalp:

In addition to treatments, certain lifestyle changes can help prevent and manage scalp itchiness:

  • Maintain scalp hygiene: Regularly wash your hair and scalp with a gentle shampoo to remove dirt, excess oil, and product buildup. Avoid using harsh hair products that can irritate the scalp and strip off natural oils. Look out for shampoos which suit your scalp and change immediately if feel irritated.
  • Avoid excessive heat styling: Overuse of heat styling tools like hair dryers or straighteners can contribute to scalp dryness and itchiness. Opt for air-drying when possible and use heat protectant sprays.
  • Wear loose hairstyles: Tight hairstyles can cause friction and irritation on the scalp, leading to itchiness. Choose hairstyles that are loose and enable your scalp to breathe. Avoid any kind of tight hairstyles like tight bun or tight pony.
  • Be mindful of dietary factors: Certain foods, such as spicy or sugary foods, may trigger scalp inflammation and itchiness in some individuals. Pay attention to your diet and identify any potential triggers.
  • Manage stress: Stress can worsen scalp conditions and trigger itchiness. Incorporate stress-reduction measures into your routine, such as exercise, meditation, or relaxation activities.

By implementing these lifestyle changes alongside appropriate treatments, you can effectively prevent and manage scalp itchiness, promoting a healthier and itch-free scalp.


Dealing with an itchy scalp can be a frustrating experience, but with the right approach, relief is within reach. By understanding the causes, incorporating home remedies and over-the-counter treatments, and making necessary lifestyle changes, you can effectively treat and manage an itchy scalp. However, if your symptoms persist or worsen, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist for a comprehensive evaluation and personalized guidance. Remember, each individual’s scalp is unique, and what works for one person may not work for another. With patience and persistence, you can bid farewell to the itch and restore your scalp’s health and comfort.

Note: Always do a patch test before using anything on skin or your scalp. If you feel any irritation on your scalp while using the home remedies or any shampoo consult a dermatologist. If problem is very severe and persistent please consult of doctor before trying any of these remedies and get a proper consultation and treatment.